Kotys (Thracian goddess)

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Cotis (Latin), Kotis (Greek), Ceotis, Ciotis (Romania) is a Thracian – Dacian goddess, venerated especially at the Thracian Edons, population that it is found between the Struma river and the Mesta river, in south Sofia.

In Antiquity they were stretched till Vardar river (Axios), but after the Macedonian expansion they were pushed to east, in Thracia.

Strabon describes Cotis goddess’ cult as almost the same as Bendis goddess. He said that the Edons were playing some instruments that were issuing certain strange sounds, as thunders, caused by some big drums, probably, sound combined with some frantically strings accords, musical ritual like the ritual dedicated to the Sabazius god (Dionysus). This cult was also adored in the classic Athenian period, where the priests that were participating at this ritual was called baptai because they “were baptizing” every time the participants, purifying their souls.

It is said that they were singing with loud voice, in choir, those words:

“I ran the bad, I found the good”

Her cult may be like Attis or Cybela goddess’. The Edonian festival dedicated to the Cotis goddess was called the Cotyttia that it is said it was an nocturnal orgiastic ritual, with powerfully obscene connotations.

If we believe in the moreover affirmations, it minds that we have powerfully osirical influences, by Hellenism, more exactly by Dionysus/Sabazius.

Sorin Paliga thinks that the Cotis goddess’ name is related with the name of cotiata planet “strong grass” (tritticum repens), word derived from the ciot root, with Thracian origin.

By Kogaion

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Kotys (Thracian goddess)

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Cotis (Latin), Kotis (Greek), Ceotis, Ciotis (Romania) is a Thracian – Dacian goddess, venerated especially at the Thracian Edons, population that it is found between the Struma river and the Mesta river, in south Sofia.

In Antiquity they were stretched till Vardar river (Axios), but after the Macedonian expansion they were pushed to east, in Thracia.

Strabon describes Cotis goddess’ cult as almost the same as Bendis goddess. He said that the Edons were playing some instruments that were issuing certain strange sounds, as thunders, caused by some big drums, probably, sound combined with some frantically strings accords, musical ritual like the ritual dedicated to the Sabazius god (Dionysus). This cult was also adored in the classic Athenian period, where the priests that were participating at this ritual was called baptai because they “were baptizing” every time the participants, purifying their souls.

It is said that they were singing with loud voice, in choir, those words:

“I ran the bad, I found the good”

Her cult may be like Attis or Cybela goddess’. The Edonian festival dedicated to the Cotis goddess was called the Cotyttia that it is said it was an nocturnal orgiastic ritual, with powerfully obscene connotations.

If we believe in the moreover affirmations, it minds that we have powerfully osirical influences, by Hellenism, more exactly by Dionysus/Sabazius.

Sorin Paliga thinks that the Cotis goddess’ name is related with the name of cotiata planet “strong grass” (tritticum repens), word derived from the ciot root, with Thracian origin.

By Kogaion

The great Bendis goddess

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Bendis goddess, discovered in Gradistea Muscelului, dated after the 79th b. C.

The great Bendis goddess (Bhendis, Mendis, Mhendis) was the feminine divinity from north-Thracian pantheon which was managing people’s fortunes, like the Fates.

Goddess’ name is build with the indo-European root of bhend, theonym which minds “to relate” or “to bow”, whence it comes also the Anglo-Saxon word bind or the Germanic “binden”.

From this small but precious idea, we can easy deduce that one of the primordial goddess’ appellatives was “Fortune’s Goddess” or “Weaver Goddess”, “Fate’s Goddess”, “The Fate goddess”.

She, as the Fates, was managing people’s fortunes, the indo-Europeans being especially worshipers of the predestination belief.

It is very probably that, after the Dacia’s Roman conquest, Bendis was assimilated by Diana goddess (Artemis at the Greeks).

Bendis was also the goddess of the matrimonial connections, of the love and the amorous feeling, like the Scandinavian goddess Freyja, the Greek Aphrodite, the Etruscan Albina, the Assyrian- Babylonian Ishtar goddess, Sumerian’s Inanna, the “Dzydzilelyaa” of the old Polish, Albanian’s “Prende”, Slave’s “Shiva” or Roman’s Venus.

All the marriages was officiated in her name, under her divine blessing.

The goddess Bendis cult was taken also by Greeks, becoming a stately cult in Athens since the V century b. C. It was adored especially while the ceremonies called “Bendideia” when it was taking place two ethnical ceremonies: one formed by Traces and another by Athenians.

Bendis goddess’ temple, associated by the Athenians with Artemis, was called Bendideia and it was situated on the Munychia hill, situated in Athena’s part called Piraeus, hill that has approximately 86 m highest. Today it is called with the name of Kastella. Later, after the II century b. C. we can find another goddess’ temple on Hebru’s West part, in Balkans.

Her cult was attested also in the Asia Minor, more exactly in Bithynia, or even in the Ptolemaic Egypt.

On statues, Bendis goddess was represented wearing Thracian clothes and the Thracian cap (Phrygian, the Phrygians was from the Thracian race). Sometimes the goddess has a javelin in her left hand and a coup in the right hand. On some coins she appears either keeping two javelins and a dagger, or two torches or a torch and a Patera.

Bends has also other attributes as the hunting, but we were appearing also as a Moon’s goddess, like Hecate.

Bendis – bronze bust from the Piatra Roșie, showing the goddess with big breasts, that means that she represents the fertile and amorous character of the goddess

Bendis from Tanagra, location situated in Attica, in north Athens (terracotta figure, IV century b. C.)

Bendis goddess’ votive star, discovered at Piraeus (IV century b. C.)

By Kogaion