Kotys (Thracian goddess)

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Cotis (Latin), Kotis (Greek), Ceotis, Ciotis (Romania) is a Thracian – Dacian goddess, venerated especially at the Thracian Edons, population that it is found between the Struma river and the Mesta river, in south Sofia.

In Antiquity they were stretched till Vardar river (Axios), but after the Macedonian expansion they were pushed to east, in Thracia.

Strabon describes Cotis goddess’ cult as almost the same as Bendis goddess. He said that the Edons were playing some instruments that were issuing certain strange sounds, as thunders, caused by some big drums, probably, sound combined with some frantically strings accords, musical ritual like the ritual dedicated to the Sabazius god (Dionysus). This cult was also adored in the classic Athenian period, where the priests that were participating at this ritual was called baptai because they “were baptizing” every time the participants, purifying their souls.

It is said that they were singing with loud voice, in choir, those words:

“I ran the bad, I found the good”

Her cult may be like Attis or Cybela goddess’. The Edonian festival dedicated to the Cotis goddess was called the Cotyttia that it is said it was an nocturnal orgiastic ritual, with powerfully obscene connotations.

If we believe in the moreover affirmations, it minds that we have powerfully osirical influences, by Hellenism, more exactly by Dionysus/Sabazius.

Sorin Paliga thinks that the Cotis goddess’ name is related with the name of cotiata planet “strong grass” (tritticum repens), word derived from the ciot root, with Thracian origin.

By Kogaion

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Kotys (Thracian goddess)

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Cotis (Latin), Kotis (Greek), Ceotis, Ciotis (Romania) is a Thracian – Dacian goddess, venerated especially at the Thracian Edons, population that it is found between the Struma river and the Mesta river, in south Sofia.

In Antiquity they were stretched till Vardar river (Axios), but after the Macedonian expansion they were pushed to east, in Thracia.

Strabon describes Cotis goddess’ cult as almost the same as Bendis goddess. He said that the Edons were playing some instruments that were issuing certain strange sounds, as thunders, caused by some big drums, probably, sound combined with some frantically strings accords, musical ritual like the ritual dedicated to the Sabazius god (Dionysus). This cult was also adored in the classic Athenian period, where the priests that were participating at this ritual was called baptai because they “were baptizing” every time the participants, purifying their souls.

It is said that they were singing with loud voice, in choir, those words:

“I ran the bad, I found the good”

Her cult may be like Attis or Cybela goddess’. The Edonian festival dedicated to the Cotis goddess was called the Cotyttia that it is said it was an nocturnal orgiastic ritual, with powerfully obscene connotations.

If we believe in the moreover affirmations, it minds that we have powerfully osirical influences, by Hellenism, more exactly by Dionysus/Sabazius.

Sorin Paliga thinks that the Cotis goddess’ name is related with the name of cotiata planet “strong grass” (tritticum repens), word derived from the ciot root, with Thracian origin.

By Kogaion

Kotys

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Cotis (latina), Kotys (greaca), Ceotis, Ciotis (romana) este o zeita traco-daca, venerata in special la Edonii din Tracia, populatie ce se gaseste intre raurile Struma si Mesta, la sud de Sofia.

Ei se intindeau in antichitate pana pe Vardar (Axios), dar odata cu expansiunea macedonenilor, au fost impinsi spre est, in Tracia.

Strabon descrie cultul zeitei Cotis ca apropiat de cel al zeitei Bendis. El spune ca Edonii cantau la niste instrumente ce scoteau anumite sunete ciudate, sub forma de tunete, provocate de niste tobe mari, probabil, sunet combinat cu acordul unor corzi frenetice, ritual muzical asemanator ritualului dedicat zeului Sabazius (Dionis). Acest cult mai era adorat si in perioada clasica ateniana , unde preotii ce participau la acest ritual se numeau baptai deoarece “botezau” de fiecare data participantii, purificandu-le sufletele.

Se spune ca ei intonau cu voce tare, in cor, aceste cuvinte:

“Am fugit de rau, am gasit binele”

Cultul ei mai poate fi asemanat cu cel al zeitei Attis si al Cybelei. Festivalul edonian dedicat zeitei Cotis se numea Cotyttia, ce se spune ca era un ritual orgiastic nocturn, cu puternice conotatii obscene.

Daca e sa dam crezare acestor afirmatii de mai sus, inseamna ca avem de-a face cu puternice influente osirice, prin elenism, mai exact prin Dionis/Sabazius.

Sorin Paliga este de parere canumele zeitei Cotis este inrudit cu numele plantei cotiata “iarba tare” (tritticum repens), cuvant ce deriva de la radacina ciot, de origine traca.

Articol scris de Kogaion


Marea Zeita Bendis

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bendis

Medalion ce reprezinta pe zeita Bendis, descoperit la Gradistea Muncelului, datare dupa anul 79 e.n.

Marea zeita Bendis (Bhendis, Mendis, Mhendis) era divinitatea feminina din pantenonul nord-tracic care se ocupa cu destinele oamenilor, asemeni Ursitoarelor.

Numele zeitei este compus din radacina teonimului indo-european bhend care inseamna “a lega” sau “a indoi”, de unde provine si cuvantul anglo-saxon bind sau germanicul binden.

Din aceasta mcia dar pretioasa idee, putem deduce cu usurinta ca unul din apelativele primordiale ale zeitei era de “Zeita destinului” sau “Zeita Tesatoarelor”, Zeita Sortii”, “Zeita Ursitoare”.

Ea, asemeni Ursitoarelor, se ocupa cu destinele oamenilor, indo-europenii fiind prin excelenta adoratorii credintei in predestinare.

Este foarte probabil ca dupa cucerirea romana a Daciei, Bendis sa fi fost asimilata de zeita Diana (Artemis la greci).

Bendis mai era si zeita legaturilor matrimoniale, dragostei si sentimentului amoros, asemeni zeitei scandinave Freya, Afroditei elene, zeitei Albina a etruscilor, Ishtar a asiro-babilonienilor, Inanna a sumerienilor, Dzydzilelyaa a vechilor poloni, Prende a albanezilor, Shiva a slavilor sau Venus a romanilor.

Toate casatoriile se oficiau in numele ei, sub binecuvantarea ei divina.

Cultul zeitei Bendis a fost preluat si de greci, devenind cult statal la Atena inca din secolul V i.e.n. Era adorata in special in timpul ceremoniilor numite Bendideia cand aveau loc doua ceremonii etnice: una formata din traci si alta din atenieni.

Templul zeitei Bendis, asociata de atenieni cu Artemis, se numea Bendideion si era situat pe dealul Munychia, situat in partea Atenei numita Pireu, colina ce are inaltime de aprox 86 de m. Astazi poarta numele de Kastella. Mai tarziu, dupa secolul II i.e.n. mai putem gasi un templu al zeitei pe tarmul vestic al Hebrului, in Balcani.
Cultul ei este atestat si in Asia Mica, mai exact in Bithinia, sau chiar in Egiptul Ptolemeic.

Pe reliefuri si statuete, zeita Bendis este reprezentata purtand vesminte trace si boneta traca (frigiana, frigienii erau de neam tracic). Uneori, zeita are o sulita in mana stanga si o cupa in cea dreapta. Pe unele monezi, ea apare fie tinand doua sulite si un pumnal, fie doua torte sau o torta si o patera.

Bendis mai avea si diverse atribute cum ar fi vanatoarea, dar aparea si sub forma unei zeite a Lunii, asemeni Hecatei.

bustul-de-bronz-de-la-piatra-rosie

Bendis – Bustul de bronz de la Piatra Rosie, infatisand-o pe zeita cu sanii mari, ceea ce reprezinta caracterul fertil dar si amoros al zeitei.

bendis-din-tanagra-figurina-din-teracota-secolul-iv-ien

Bendis din Tanagra, localitate situata in Attica, la nord de Atena (figurina din teracota, secolul IV i.e.n.)

stela-votiva-a-zeitei-bendis-descoperita-la-pireu-sec-iv-ien

Stela votiva a zeitei Bendis descoperita la Pireu (sec IV i.e.n.)

Articol scris de Kogaion

La divinité suprême des Thraco-Daces

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La divinité suprême des Thraco-Daces – Sorin Paliga

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Dialogues d’histoire ancienne, Année 1994, Volume 20, Numéro 2p. 137 – 150

http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/dha_0755-7256_1994_num_20_2_2182