Geographical names (A – Z)

Achelos, Acheln (Leo Gramm., Georg. Amartol., Georg. Mon.; AD 917) – small river near the town ofAnchialo (Pomorie) on theBlack Sea. The name is explained from the IE *kel- ‘water’, preserved in the Lith. hydronym Akkl (lake). It is also compared with the Lydian river name of Achéles, Akéles, the Phrygian akala ‘water’. As identical are given also the name of Achelos of five rivers inGreece. The same Thracian name is hidden in the name of the smallBlack Sea town ofAnchialo, attested by Strabo under the form of Anchiál and by Apian as Anchíalos, which is in fact a Grecized form of the Thracian name, linked with the Greek word anchíalos ‘coastal’. More