The great Bendis goddess

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Bendis goddess, discovered in Gradistea Muscelului, dated after the 79th b. C.

The great Bendis goddess (Bhendis, Mendis, Mhendis) was the feminine divinity from north-Thracian pantheon which was managing people’s fortunes, like the Fates.

Goddess’ name is build with the indo-European root of bhend, theonym which minds “to relate” or “to bow”, whence it comes also the Anglo-Saxon word bind or the Germanic “binden”.

From this small but precious idea, we can easy deduce that one of the primordial goddess’ appellatives was “Fortune’s Goddess” or “Weaver Goddess”, “Fate’s Goddess”, “The Fate goddess”.

She, as the Fates, was managing people’s fortunes, the indo-Europeans being especially worshipers of the predestination belief.

It is very probably that, after the Dacia’s Roman conquest, Bendis was assimilated by Diana goddess (Artemis at the Greeks).

Bendis was also the goddess of the matrimonial connections, of the love and the amorous feeling, like the Scandinavian goddess Freyja, the Greek Aphrodite, the Etruscan Albina, the Assyrian- Babylonian Ishtar goddess, Sumerian’s Inanna, the “Dzydzilelyaa” of the old Polish, Albanian’s “Prende”, Slave’s “Shiva” or Roman’s Venus.

All the marriages was officiated in her name, under her divine blessing.

The goddess Bendis cult was taken also by Greeks, becoming a stately cult in Athens since the V century b. C. It was adored especially while the ceremonies called “Bendideia” when it was taking place two ethnical ceremonies: one formed by Traces and another by Athenians.

Bendis goddess’ temple, associated by the Athenians with Artemis, was called Bendideia and it was situated on the Munychia hill, situated in Athena’s part called Piraeus, hill that has approximately 86 m highest. Today it is called with the name of Kastella. Later, after the II century b. C. we can find another goddess’ temple on Hebru’s West part, in Balkans.

Her cult was attested also in the Asia Minor, more exactly in Bithynia, or even in the Ptolemaic Egypt.

On statues, Bendis goddess was represented wearing Thracian clothes and the Thracian cap (Phrygian, the Phrygians was from the Thracian race). Sometimes the goddess has a javelin in her left hand and a coup in the right hand. On some coins she appears either keeping two javelins and a dagger, or two torches or a torch and a Patera.

Bends has also other attributes as the hunting, but we were appearing also as a Moon’s goddess, like Hecate.

Bendis – bronze bust from the Piatra Roșie, showing the goddess with big breasts, that means that she represents the fertile and amorous character of the goddess

Bendis from Tanagra, location situated in Attica, in north Athens (terracotta figure, IV century b. C.)

Bendis goddess’ votive star, discovered at Piraeus (IV century b. C.)

By Kogaion

Valhalla (Myths of the Norsemen by H. A. Guerber)

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A Valkyrie, drinking horn in hands, awaits at the gates of Valhalla on the Tjängvide image stone from Gotland, housed at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities in Stockholm, Sweden.

This palace, called Valhalla (the hall of the chosen slain), had five hundred and forty doors, wide enough to allow the passage of eight hundred warriors abreast, and above the principal gate were a boar’s head and an eagle whose piercing glance penetrated to the far corners of the world.

The walls of this marvellous building were fashioned of glittering spears, so highly polished that they illuminated the hall. The roof was of golden shields, and the benches were decorated with fine armour, the god’s gifts to his guests. Here long tables afforde ample accomodation for the Einheriar, warriors fallen in battle. who were specially favoured by Odin.

“Easily to be know is,
By those who to Odin come,
The mansion by its aspect.
Its roof with spears is laid,
Its hall with shields is decked,
With corselets are its benches strewed.”

The ancient Northern nations, who deemed warfare the most honourable of occupatons, and considered courage the greatest virtue, worshipped Odin principally as god of battle and victory.

They believed that whenever a fight was impending he sent out his special attendants, the shield-, battle-, or wish-maidens, called Valkyrs (choosers of the slain), who selected from the dead warriors one-half of their number, whom they bore on their fleet steeds over the quivering rainbow bridge, Bifröst, into Valhalla.

Welcomed by Odin’s sons, Hermod and Bragi, the heroes were conducted to the foot of Odin’s throne, where they received the praise due to their valour.

When some special favourite of the god was thus brought into Asgard, Valfather (father of the slain), as Odin was called when he presided over the warriors, would sometimes rise from his throen and in person bid him welcome at the great entrance gate.

Myths of the Norsemen by H. A. Guerber