The Charles’s V edict upon the heresy from the Netherlands

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Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I; German: Karl V., Dutch: Karel V, French: Charles Quint, 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Carlos I of Spain, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I in 1556.

“It’s stopped to print, to write, to keep, to sell and buy or to broadcast in churches, on the streets and in other places all the creations printed or written by Martin Luther’s, Ioan Ecolampadius’s, Ulrich Zwingli’s, Martin Butzer’s hand and other heresy’s chieftains, false missionary and founders of the shameless heretic’s sect. […]

We stop, moreover, all the laymen to have discussions or proceedings, opened or hidden, about the Holy Scripture and especially about the questionable and impermeable points and also to read, to teach and to explain the Scripture, outside the ones that has theological studies with certificate from the universities.

We stop, in secret or opened, to preach, to defend them, to repeat themselves or to broadcast the foregoing heretics’ lore. If any of these points is contravened, they will be punished, the ringleaders and the muddling of the public silence and the state accomplishments.

This kind of muddling of the public silence will be punished like this: the men by the sword and the women will be interred in the earth being alive, if they will not insist in their aberrances, if they will be mulish, let them be given to the fire. In both situations, their possessions will be taken in the vault’s use. […]

We stop to be offered refuge, food, clothes, money and to help the ones proved or supposed by heresy in any way. The guilty will be punished the same like themselves heretics.

If someone, although he would not been proved with heresy and aberrance, but against him being a strong supposition, was damned by the ecclesiastical tribunal to abjure the heresy and by the laic tribunal he was damned to public repentance and penitence, and after this it happen to be again supposed by heresy or he looks like he is contaminated by it, even if it was not been proved that he breached or insult in any way the moreover mentioned points, we decree that the one be considered like one who fail again in heresy and, fitting with this, to be punished taking their lives and the possessions, without any hope to mitigate or to honey the moreover mentioned punishment. […]

Everyone who discovery a person contaminated by heresy is indebted to denounce it to the authorities, judgments, bishops or others, arranged for this, on pain of the given punishment fitted with the judgment’s joy. All are also indebted to denounce to the places where there are some kinds of heretics, under the damage to be pushed between the guilt’s complicities and to be punished the same as they will.

The telltale, in case of proving the guilty one, receive a half from the damned possessions if this is not bigger than one hundred of Flemish coins…. . If it is more then this value, he will receive the tenth part from all that is over the sum. […]

Francisc Pall, Camil Muresan,Reading from the Middle Ages’ sources” Bucharest, 1964, p. 246-247.

Edictul lui Carol Quintul asupra ereziei din Tarile de Jos

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25 septembrie 1550

” E oprit a se tipari, scrie, a avea, a pastra, vinde si cumpara sau raspandi, in biserici, pe strazi si in alte locuri toate operele tiparite sau scrise de mana lui Martin Luther, Ioan Ecolampadius, Ulrich Zwingli, Martin Butzer si ale altor capetenii ale ereziei, invatatori falsi si intemeietori ai nerusinatei secte a ereticilor […].

Oprim, pe deasupra, pe toti mirenii sa poarte discutii si dezbateri, pe fata si pe ascuns, despre Sfanta Scriptura si in deosebi despre chestiunile indoielnice si de nepatruns si, de asemenea, sa citeasca, sa invete si sa explice Scriptura, in afara de aceia care au pregatire teologica, cu adeverinta de la universitati […].

Oprim ca, in taina sau pe fata, sa se propovaduiasca, sa se apere, sa se repete sau raspandeasca invatatura sus-pomenitilor eretici. De se va incalca vreunul din aceste puncte, vinovatii vor fi supusi pedepsei, razvratiti si tulburatori ai linistii publice si a randuielilor statului.

Asemenea tulburatori ai linistii publice sa se pedepseasca: barbatii cu sabia, iar femeile sa fie ingropate de vii in pamant, daca nu vor starui in ratacirile lor; de se vor indaratnici, sa fie dati focului. In amandoua cazurile, bunurile lor se vor confisca in folosul vistieriei […].

Oprim sa se dea adapost, hrana, vesminte, bani si indeobste a se da orice fel de ajutor celor dovediti sau banuiti de erezie; vinovatii se vor supune acelorasi pedepse ca insisi ereticii.

Daca cineva, desi n-a fost dovedit de erezie sau ratacire, dar impotriva lui fiind banuiala puternica, a fost osandit de tribunalul eclesiastic sa abjure erezia,iar de tribunalul laic a fost condamnat la pocainta si penitenta publica, dupa care se intampla sa fie din nou banuit de erezie sau se arata molipsit de ea, chiar fara a fi fost dovedit ca a incalcat sau jignit cu ceva sus-amintitele puncte, poruncim ca acela sa fie de asemenea socotit ca unul ce a cazut din nou in erezie si, potrivit cu aceasta, sa fie pedepsit luandu-i-se viata si bunurile, fara nici un fel de nadejde de micsorare sau indulcire a sus-pomenitei pedepse […].

Oricine descopera o persoana molipsita de erezie, e dator s-o denunte in fata autoritatilor, judecatori, episcopi sau altii, randuiti pentru aceasta, sub amenintarea pedepsei date potrivit bunului plac al judecatii. Toti sunt de asemenea datori sa denunte autoritatilor locurile unde se afla asemenea eretici, sub primejdia de a fi pusi in randul complicilor celor vinovati si a fi supusi aceleiasi pedepse ca si dansii.

Denuntatorul, in caz de dovedire a celui invinuit, primeste jumatate din averea osanditului, daca aceasta nu depaseste o suta de funzi flamanzi. Daca depaseste aceasta valoare, atunci primeste a zecea parte din tot ce intrece aceasta suma […].

Francisc Pall, Camil Muresan, “Lecturi din izvoarele evului mediu”, Bucuresti, 1964, p. 246-247.

Carol V (şi Carol I al Spaniei) mpărat al Sfântului Imperiu Roman; rege al Castiliei, Aragonului, Neapolelui şi al Siciliei, Conte al Flandrei, Duce de Brabant, Duce al Milanului, Duce de Luxemburg, Duce de Burgundia

Articol scris de Kogaion