Fragments from “Praise of folly” (1511, Erasmus from Rotterdam)

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CRITICS AGAINST THE MONKS

“But look others that I bless almost as much as I bless the theologians. There are that called usually monks or abbey men, although no one from this two names do not appropriate, because I do not know if there is someone less believer then the majority of this hypocrite and everywhere you meet horde and so-called lonely […]

People flinch of them like they flinch of the wild animals, and only the meeting with them it is kept as bad sign. However they find that it had not fitting, thinking that the biggest piety it is the same with the blind acknowledge. Their virtue stood in that that do not know the writing and they do not doubt that, when they roar the psalms that they do no understand in the church, the God, the angels and all the heaven’s saints are listening them and they are happy.

Some of them, proud of the slim that they kept in themselves, go and ask alms from door to door with a matchless indecency. You can not escape them anywhere. In inns, carts or ships, they meddle in your soul and they are begging till they bereave an obolus that ought to the true needy.

Like this are the apostle’s descendants, that works up to tread them steps by mess, acknowledge, churlishness and rudeness.

What can be more hilarious then that bigot rules of their …., that punish every little aberrance as a sin that must be atoned? Everything is decided and measured: the noose of the shoe, the color or the broad of the gird, the cloth from which must be made the robe and how many pieces, the broad of the tonsure, the shape and the size of the hood, the hours of sleep […].

But from the highest of those stupidities they raised the laymen eyebrow, even the orders are loathe each other […].

Some of them have shakes when they see money, and better they would touch a asp then to touch any coin. But when we speak about wine or lassies, the saint parents forget about the canon […].

Do you see? I think that the monks are indebt with me up to the lips, because, without having any merit than to tyrannize the populace with superstitions and them unremitting jangle, they were imaginary climbing near the Paul and Anton saints.

Let blow off this charlatan of that the appreciation for my beneficence it was only a sham. Pious on extern, inside they are matchless nasty.”

(“Praise of folly or speech about the praise of the stupidity” translated by Robert Adam, Antet Printing house, 1995, p 91-101)

THE CRITIC AGAINST SELLING THE INDULGENCIES

“What can I say about the ones of their mind which caress with the belief in that lying sin’s forgiveness? They measure the terms of the Purgatory like using a clock, accounting without fearing of any mistake, as in a abacus, the centuries, the years, the months, the days… Look, for example, a merchant, a soldier, a judge that thinks that, throwing away a little coin emanated from a lot of pillages, it had been forgiven all their sins from the entire life; that so many swearing overrides, so many salacity, so many boozing, fights, crimes, cheating, wiles and betrayals can be overbought, by an arrangement, and atoned in that way that they fell themselves justified to start again others misdeeds.”

“Praise of folly or speech about the praise of the stupidity” translated and notes by Stephan Bezdechi, Bucharest, 1959, p. 61

Fragmente din Elogiul nebuniei -1511 (Erasmus din Rotterdam)

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Originalul operei "Elogiul nebuniei"

Originalul operei "Elogiul nebuniei"

CRITICA LA ADRESA CALUGARILOR

” Dar iata si altii pe care ii fericesc aproape cat pe teologi. Sunt cei numiti indeobste calugari sau monahi, desi nici una din cele doua denumiri nu li se potriveste, caci nu stiu de este cineva mai putin credincios decat majoritatea acestor fatarnici si peste tot intalnesti hoarde de asa-zisi singuratici […]

Lumea fuge de ei ca de jivine salbatice, si numai intalnirea cu ei si este tinuta de semn rau. Totusi lor li se pare ca nu au seaman, incredintati ca evlavia cea mai mare e totuna cu nestiinta oarba. Virtutea lor sta in aceea ca nu cunosc slova si nu se indoiesc ca, atunci cand rag in biserica psalmi pe care nu-i inteleg, Dumnezeu, ingerii si toti sfintii raiului ii asculta si se bucura.

Unii, mandrii de slinul care l-au strans pe ei, merg si cer de pomana din poarta in poarta cu o nerusinare fara pereche. Nu scapi de ei nicaieri. In hanuri, carute sau vapoare, ti se baga in suflet si cersesc pana ce rapesc un obol care li s-ar cuveni adevaratilor nevoiasi.

Asa arata urmasii apostolilor, care se straduiesc sa le calce acestora pe urme prin murdarie, nestiinta, mojicie si obraznicie.

Ce poate fi mai hazliu decat regulile acelea habotnice ale cinului lor, care pedepsesc orice mica abatere ca pe un pacat care trebuie ispasit? Toate sunt hotarate si masurate: numarul nodurilor de la opinca, culoarea si latimea cingatorii, stofa din care trebuie facuta rantia si din cate bucati, latimea tonsurii, forma si marimea glugii, ceasurile de somn. […]

Dar de la inaltimea acestor nerozii ii privesc de sus pe mireni, ba chiar si ordinele se dispretuiesc intre ele. […]

Pe unii ii apuca tremuriciul cand vad bani, si mai bine ar pune mana pe un sarpe veninos decat pe vreun gologan. Dar cand e vorba de vin ori fetiscane, sfintii parinti uita de canon. […]

Vedeti, cred ca monahii imi sunt indatorati pana peste cap, fiindca, fara a avea alt merit decat ca tiranizeaza gloata cu superstitiile, flecustetele si larma lor necontenita, se catara in inchipuire langa sfintii Pavel si Antonie.

Sa-i lasam balta pe sarlatanii a caror nerecunostinta fata de binefacerile mele nu este decat de prefacatorie. Evlaviosi pe dinafara, ei sunt pe dinauntru ticalosi fara pereche. ”

“Elogiul Nebuniei sau discurs despre lauda prostiei”, traducere de Robert Adam, Ed. Antet, 1995, p. 91-101)


CRITICA VANZARII DE INDULGENTE

” Ce sa mai zic de aceia al caror cuget fericit se mangaie cu credinta in acele mincinoase iertari de pacate?

Ei masoara soroacele Purgatoriului ca si cu un ceasornic, socotind fara teama de vreo greseala, ca dintr-o abaca, veacurile, anii, lunile, zilele…Iata, de pilda, un negutator, un ostas, un judecator care cred ca, aruncand in cutia milelor o mica moneda provenita din atatea jafuri, li s-a iertat haznaua de pacate din intreaga lor viata; ca atatea calcari de juramant, atatea desfranari, atatea betii, galceve, omoruri, inselatorii, viclesuguri si tradari pot fi rascumparate, ca si printr-o invoiala, si ispasite in asa fel ca ei se simt indreptatiti sa inceapa din nou un alt sir de nelegiuiri. ”

“Elogiul nebuniei sau cuvantare spre lauda prostiei”, traducere si note de Stefan Bezdechi, Bucuresti, 1959, p. 61

Erasmus din Rotterdam - portret de Hans Holbein (Tânărul)

Erasmus din Rotterdam - portret de Hans Holbein (Tânărul)


Articol scris de Kogaion