The Charles’s V edict upon the heresy from the Netherlands

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Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I; German: Karl V., Dutch: Karel V, French: Charles Quint, 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Carlos I of Spain, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I in 1556.

“It’s stopped to print, to write, to keep, to sell and buy or to broadcast in churches, on the streets and in other places all the creations printed or written by Martin Luther’s, Ioan Ecolampadius’s, Ulrich Zwingli’s, Martin Butzer’s hand and other heresy’s chieftains, false missionary and founders of the shameless heretic’s sect. […]

We stop, moreover, all the laymen to have discussions or proceedings, opened or hidden, about the Holy Scripture and especially about the questionable and impermeable points and also to read, to teach and to explain the Scripture, outside the ones that has theological studies with certificate from the universities.

We stop, in secret or opened, to preach, to defend them, to repeat themselves or to broadcast the foregoing heretics’ lore. If any of these points is contravened, they will be punished, the ringleaders and the muddling of the public silence and the state accomplishments.

This kind of muddling of the public silence will be punished like this: the men by the sword and the women will be interred in the earth being alive, if they will not insist in their aberrances, if they will be mulish, let them be given to the fire. In both situations, their possessions will be taken in the vault’s use. […]

We stop to be offered refuge, food, clothes, money and to help the ones proved or supposed by heresy in any way. The guilty will be punished the same like themselves heretics.

If someone, although he would not been proved with heresy and aberrance, but against him being a strong supposition, was damned by the ecclesiastical tribunal to abjure the heresy and by the laic tribunal he was damned to public repentance and penitence, and after this it happen to be again supposed by heresy or he looks like he is contaminated by it, even if it was not been proved that he breached or insult in any way the moreover mentioned points, we decree that the one be considered like one who fail again in heresy and, fitting with this, to be punished taking their lives and the possessions, without any hope to mitigate or to honey the moreover mentioned punishment. […]

Everyone who discovery a person contaminated by heresy is indebted to denounce it to the authorities, judgments, bishops or others, arranged for this, on pain of the given punishment fitted with the judgment’s joy. All are also indebted to denounce to the places where there are some kinds of heretics, under the damage to be pushed between the guilt’s complicities and to be punished the same as they will.

The telltale, in case of proving the guilty one, receive a half from the damned possessions if this is not bigger than one hundred of Flemish coins…. . If it is more then this value, he will receive the tenth part from all that is over the sum. […]

Francisc Pall, Camil Muresan,Reading from the Middle Ages’ sources” Bucharest, 1964, p. 246-247.

Judaism in the time of Jesus

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In the age’s first century Palestine was occupied by Romans. In this age the Jewish religion was composed of many religious communities (sects).

The Sadducees’ aristocratically cast is the best representation from all. The Great Priests from the Temple of Jerusalem was recruited from this sacerdotal cast.

About member’s number, on the first place it is the Pharisee’s group, between this being selected the Jewish rabbis.

A part from the Sadducees was promoting the belief in a Messiah who will have deliverer role for Jewish. It is important to remark that Christ belong to this Jewish group.

Another Jewish group it was represented by the Zealots. They has the origin in Galilee’s earth and beside the religious ideology, they was asking for emancipation under the roman occupation of the entire Palestine, having character of paramilitary group, terrorist (attempt, armed wars, attacks upon the Roman guards etc).

Alongside the Sadducees, the Zealots was waiting for a prophet to came and to preach to the Jewish, motivating them at revolts against Romans, for emancipation. This Zealots’ Messiah would be the chief of the revolts against Romans.

This messiah character, in Zealots’ view was a prophetic one; by means of the prophetic religion succeeding to institute revolutionary mentality to the Jewish that was in servitude.

The community of the ones baptized by the John the Baptizer was representing another field of the Jewish religion, these having a certain connection with the Sadducee, this fact it is easy to understand from the John the Baptizer’s canonization by the Jewish-cretins in three big celebrations: The Saint John the Baptizer’s Synod (7th of January), John the Baptizer’s born (24th of June) and the Cutting of John the Baptizer’s head (29th of August).

John was Elisabeth’s son, which was Mary’s cousin, Jesus’ mother. John Baptizer’s father was the rabbi Pharisee Zachariah. In this way, Jesus’ sect was influenced by Sadducees and Pharisee. As a legitimacy of the Christ’s sect, we have as a prove the fact that John the Baptizer was waiting for the Jesus Christ’s coming, having messianic and prophetical role.

Finally, another Judaism’s field, was the one of the … , which were living isolated following some fanatical Judaist principles, represented by Moses. They were excluding the women from their religion and they belief in the soul’s undead and the sinner’s punish.

In sfarsit, o alta ramura a iudaismului, era cea a esenienilor, care traia izolata dupa niste principii fanatice ale iudaismului, reprezentat de Moise. Acestia excludeau femeile din comunitatea lor si credeau in nemurirea sufletului si pedepsirea pacatosilor de orice fel. They was also waiting for a Messiah, which will emancipate them by the Roman domination, and which will make the Jehovah – Adonai – Hosts –Eloah – Shaddai’s Imperium. (epithets for the supreme Jewish divinity, wrong translated in Jewish – Christianity as God.

This historical fact it is confirmed by the Qumram discovery of the Manuscripts from the Death Sea, in the year 1947.

By Kogaion

Olah poganysag a XII szazadban

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1173-ban  a Tudela-i Benjámin rabbi hosszu utazása során Spanyolországból Jeruzsálembe, áthaladt Olaszországon, majd Görögországon, folytatva utját Palesztina felé.

Elérvén Zeitunba (ma Lamia városa), ezt irta:

” Itt kezdődik Vláhország, aminek lakósai a vláhok. Az oláhok, kik gyorsaságra és fürgeségre nézve a szarvasokkal csaknem egyenlők, leereszkednek Görögországba és a görögöket kifosztják. Senki nem tudja megtámadni háboruban, egy király sem tudta alattvalojává tenni őket. A keresztény szokások nem ismertek nálluk, zsidó neveket adnak egymásnak, amiért egyesek zsidó népnek vélik őket. Ha keresztényekkel találkoznak, ezeket egyszerűen kirabolják, de nem gyilkolják meg mint a görögöket. “

“A macedonok eredete” Theodor Capidan es Constantin Noe

Bukaresti Néprajzkutatoi Kiado, 2008


Vlaški paganizam u XII veku

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Godine  1173, srednjovekovni Navarski avanturista Benjamin Tudeljski, za vreme svojeg dugog putovanja od Španjolske do Svete Zemlje, prošao je kroz Italiju i Grčku. Kad je došao u grčki grad Zeitun (Lamia “Λαμία”), zabeležio je:

“Ovde počinje zemlja Velike Vlaške. Stanovnici se zovu Vlasi. Brzinom jelena, oni silaze u Vizantijsko Carstvo da ubijaju i pljačkaju. Niko ne može da ih napadne ratom, čak ni jedan car ili kralj ne može da vlada njima. Oni ne žive po hrišćanskim običajima i daju sami sebi jevrejska imena, zato neki kažu da su Jevreji i da deru Hrišćane, umesto da ih ubiju, kao što rade Grcima.”

“Poreklo Vlaha” Theodora Capidana i Constantina Noea

Etnologijska štamparska Kuća, Bukurešt 2008


Ο Βλαχικός Παγανισμός του 12ου αιώνα

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Το 1173, ο Βενιαμίν από την Τουντέλα, στο ταξίδι του από την Ισπανία προς την Ιερουσαλήμ, πέρασε από την Ιταλία και από την Ελλάδα, για να ξεκινήσει μετά για την Παλαιστίνη.

Όταν έφτασε στη Λαμία έγραψε:

<<Εδώ ξεκινάει η Βλαχία, οι κάτοικοι της οποίας ονομάζονται Βλάχοι.Γρήγοροι όπως τα ζαρκάδια, αυτοί κατεβαίνουν στη χώρα των Ελλήνων για να τους γδάρουν ζωντανοί και για να λεηλατήσουν. Κανείς δεν μπορεί να τους επιτεθούν σε πόλεμο και κανένας αυτοκράτορας δεν μπορεί να τους υποδουλώσει. Δεν τηρούν τα χριστιανικά ήθη και έθιμα και παίρνουν εβραϊκά ονόματα, λόγος για τον οποίο κάποιοι λένε ότι είναι εβραίοι και ότι τους χριστιανούς τους γδέρνουν αντί να τους σκοτώσουν, όπως κάνουν με τους Έλληνες.>>

Αναρτήθηκε από Kogaion

валашское язычество в XII-ом веке

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В 1173 году, раввин Вениямин из Туделы, в своём длинном путешествии из Испании в Иерусалим, прошёл через Италию, потом Грецию, чтобы дойти до Палестины.

Прибыв в Зейтун (сегодня-Ламия), он писал:

“Здесь начало Влахии, жители которой носят имя Влахи. Как быстрые олени в беге, они спускаются к Греции, чтобы обирать и грабить. Никто не может на них напасть войной, никакой король не  может их подчинить. Христианские обычаи они не сохраняют, берут себе жидовские имена, из-за чего некоторые говорят, что они из еврейского народа и что христиан они грабят, а не убивают, как греков. “

“Происхождение македорумын” Теодора Капидана и Константина Нои

Этнологическое издательство, Бухарест 2008


Valakiansk hedenskap på 1200-tallet

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I 1173 reiste Benjamin av Tudela, fra Navarra, ut på en lang reise fra Spania til det hellige land, og på hans reise, passerte han gjennom Italia og Hellas. den dag han nådde den greske by ved navn Zeitun (Lamia “Λαμία”), så noterte han ned :

“Her begynner det store land; Walachia. Innbyggerne er kalt vlakere, med en hjorts ritt  reiste de inn i det Byzantiske Riket for å drepe og plyndre. Ingen hadde kunnet angripe dem gjennom krig, ikke engang en keiser eller konge skulle regjere over de. De lever ikke under kristne tradisjoner og de gir hverandre jødiske navn, på grunn av dette, sier noen at de er jøder som skjærer huden av kristne, istedet for å drepe dem, som de gjør med grekerne.”

Skrevet av Kogaion

Езичеството на власите през XII век

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През 1173 г. средновековният наварски приключенец Бенджамин от Тудела,по време на неговия дълъг път от Испания до Свещените Земи, минава през Италия и Гърция. Когато пристига в гръцкия град Цеитун (Ламия) той забелязва:

„Тук започват земите на Велика Влахия.Жителите се наричат влахи (власи).Със скоростта на елени, те се спускат към Византийската Империя за да убиват и плячкосват.Никой не може да ги атакува по време на война, нито пък крал или император да наложи властта си над тях.Те не живеят с християнските традиции и наричат себе си с еврейски имена,поради тази причина някои казват,че те са евреи и одират християните вместо да ги убиват ,както правят и с гърците.”

Публикувано от Kogaion

Paganizmi vlleh në shekullin XII

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Në vitin 1173, në aventuristin mesjetar Navarezian Benxhamin nga Tudela, në udhëtimin e tij të gjatë nga Spanja deri të Tokën e Shenjtë, kalon përmes Italisë dhe Greqisë. Kur ai arrin në qytetin grek ë Zejtun (Lamia “Λαμία”), ai shkroi:

“Këtu fillon toga e Vllahisë së Madhe (Vllahia). Banorë quhen vlleh. Me shpejtësinë e drerëve, ata zbritën në Mbretërinë greke (Bizant) për të vrarë grabitur. Askush nuk i sulmon përgjatë luftës, madje asnjë perandor ose mbret mund t’i sundojë ata. Ata nuk jetojnë nën tradita krishtere dhe ata emërtohen me emra hebrenjsh, për këtë disa thonë që janë hebrenj dhe ata i zhveshin krishterët, në vend se t’i vrasin ata, siç bëjnë me grekët.”

“Origjina e aromanëve” nga Teodor Kapidan dhe Konstatin Noe

Shtëpia e botimeve entologjike, Bukuresht 2008

Shkruar nga Kogaion

Paganizmi vlleh në shekullin XII

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Në vitin 1173, në aventuristin mesjetar Navarezian Benxhamin nga Tudela, në udhëtimin e tij të gjatë nga Spanja deri të Tokën e Shenjtë, kalon përmes Italisë dhe Greqisë. More

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