Daosdava, “Cetatea lupilor”, a fost probabil capitala geţilor pe vremea lui Dromihete.

Vestigiile acestui oraş neobişnuit de mare, întins pe 140 coline, au fost descoperite în Sveštari în apropiere de Isperich (regiunea Razgrad înBulgaria). Săpăturile arheologice în incinta sa au scos la lumina zilei atât monumente megalitice cât şi vestigiile unei aşezări iniţial deschise, care a fost apoi fortificată şi a cunoscut perioade de înflorire în a doua jumătate a mileniului I î.Hr. şi în decursul secolelor IV şi III î.Hr., pe vremea cănd era probabil capitala statului get, numindu-se Daosdava (“daòi” este denumirea de origine traco-frigiană pentru “lupi”).

Celebre sunt picturile murale şi reliefurile celor zece cariatide care împodobesc un mormânt din incinta metropolei, consacrate înfăţişării celor zece trepte ale drumului spre nemurire (vezi formele tracice ale orfismului). Acest mormânt este impresionant şi prin dimensiuni: cripta are o înălţime de 4,45 m şi o lungime de 3,92 m. Cariatidele sunt, conform orfismului tracic, organizate într-un grup de patru, care “susţine” arhitrava, şi două grupuri de câte trei, care împodobesc laturile încăperii. Picturile, rămase neterminate, o înfăţişează pe Zeiţa Mamă, asistată de patru purtătoare de daruri şi cununi, învestind pe cavalerul-rege trac cu puterea asupra lumii. Acest monument a fost inclus în 1985 în lista de locuri din patrimoniul mondial a UNESCO.

În necropolele din Daosdava s-au găsit numeroase morminte de câini, respectiv lupi, ceea ce ar explica numele metropolei cu o venerare sau cel puţin cu un anumit rol al acestor animale în riturile daco-geţilor. Lupul era probabil animalul sacrificat în celebrările hierogamiei, reprezentându-l pe Helios-Apollo.

English

The Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari is situated 2,5 km southwest of thevillage of Sveshtari,Razgrad Province, which is located 42 km northeast of Razgrad, in the northeast of Bulgaria.

It is located in the municipality Isperih, District Razgrad. At 2.5 kilometers southwest of the village is famous Thracian tomb, opened in 1982. Old name of the village is Mumdzhilar.

About Sveshtari tomb two thousand three hundred years a Thracian tribal ruler asked him to prepare the life of the author resting place. He built a large stone tomb with three separate cell. While inside they embellish with painting and sculpture, he died. Closed the tomb with his remains and beautiful gifts. Made mound over it, high as a four-building.

Reserve entrance is decorated with columns with ionic capitals. Outside the entrance is the room in which they were placed gifts and sacrifices.

In the burial chamber are majestic and finely carved female figures (1.20 meters high). Hair, clothes and their faces were painted. More is a dark brown dye on their hair, yellow, blue, red and purple on some details of their garments. And high up on the half wall in the vault of the burial chamber is painted ritual of heroizatsiyata-deification of the deceased ruler.

Royal tomb excavated in Sveshtari is not isolated. Length of two kilometers of the 26 mounds are preserved in various sizes. The entire area was declared an archaeological reserve. Future studies will add more knowledge about the culture of the ancient Thracians.

To the east and west of the town of Gets there are two large tumular necropolises – the last dwelling of the noble Getae. There exists a hypothesis that the separate groups of mounds are arranged so as to be the mirror image of certain constellations – “Veronica s Hair”, “Orion”, “The Plug” and “The Great Dog”. The investigated mounds reveal finds of human and animal burials, local and imported vessels, articles of adornment and other burial gifts. The Sveshtari tomb, the miracle of Thracian sepulchral architecture, was discovered below Ginina Mogila mound in 1982 during regular archaeological excavations under the guidance.

Built of large limestone blocks, it consists of a dromos (corridor) and three premises (chambers), each of which is covered by a separate vault. The decoration of the central (burial) chamber is exceptionally rich. Four different Doric and one Corinthian column support a frieze with triglyphs and metopes, between those there are ten female figures (caryatids) with uplifted arms and above them, in the lunette of the vault, is the picturesque scene of deification of the deceased ruler.

A massive decorative stone door (naiskos) hid the burial bed from the eyes of the mortals.A second humbler bed was designed for the beloved wife, who also followed the deceased in his afterlife, while his favorite horses were laid in the lateral chamber and in front of the entrance to the antechamber. Owing to its remarkable architecture and artistic decoration, in 1985 the Sveshtari tomb joined the world cultural and historic heritage under the protection of UNESCO. After years of studies and conservation, in was opened to visitors onSeptember 30th, 2000.

About vizits :

Phone : 00359 84 735 279 ; Fax : 00359 8 431 / 56 – 14

E – mail: museumisperih@yahoo.com

The exposition work from 1 March to 30 November

Work time from9to17 o’clock. Holidays – Monday and Tuesday

http://www.getika.com/